Marble is a kind of metamorphic rock made of recrystallized Calcite or Dolomite. These calcareous metamorphic rocks are formed from limestone.
- What is marble?
- Type Of Marble
- marble stone uses | Building Architecture and Sculptures
What is marble?
Marble has a firm crystalline structure and slight porosity. Based on the presence of various minerals like sand, silt, and clay, it can be available in many colors, but The purest calcite marble is in white.
There are not many rocks that can have as many uses as marble. Because of the marble formation process, it appears in large deposits worldwide, and for that, it has economic value to mine this common, useful rock on a large scale. Mostly, marble is used in the construction industry. The crushed form of it is usable in building roads, building foundations, and railroad beddings.
Dimension stone, which is made by cutting marble into blocks or sheets, is usable in architecture and sculpture; it also has an added value for its beauty and rigidity. Marble can be used for its chemical properties in pharmaceuticals and agriculture. It has many unique properties that make it a valuable rock in many different industries in various ways. For its optical properties, it is used in cosmetics, paint, and paper.
Type Of Marble
As mentioned before, among the different types of rocks, Marble is the most widely used of them. The main uses of marble stone can be found in architecture and sculpture. After that, because of its chemical properties, Marble has many uses in different fields and industries. We named some below:
- Architecture and Sculptures
- Construction Aggregate
- Soil Treatment
- Neutralizing Acids
- In Supplements
- Soft Abrasive
- In cosmetics, paint, and paper and etc.
marble stone uses | Building Architecture and Sculptures
Marble has often been considered as a valuable stone, and If we closely observe the historical buildings and architectural monuments, mostly they are made of Marble. Most of the commercial value of Marble was formed in the Precambrian Time or later in Paleozoic Era.
Marble is found in many countries such as Belgium, France, Greece, India, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. In the 2013 Guinness Book of Records, the capital city of Turkmenistan (Ashgabat) was recorded as having the world’s highest concentration of white marble buildings. However, nowadays, this rock is often known as a decorative construction material that can be used in both interior and exterior applications.
Marble has a translucent feature that allows light to enter and give out a soft glow. Marble can also take a very high polish, and for that, it is a common material used in sculptures. Marble is soft, which makes it easy to sculpt, and when it is fine-grained, it has uniform properties in all directions. Some of the most famous and known sculptures all over the world have been produced from Marble.
Crushed Marble is often used as a fill-in construction aggregate. It has been found out that because Marble is composed of calcite, it cleaves more readily than limestone due to the presence of calcite. And it does not have the strength, soundness, and abrasion resistance of granite and other more competent rocks. Also, there are studies that show using waste marble aggregates in concrete is beneficial for its resistance.
Like limestones, by heating some marbles, we can form calcium oxide or also known as lime; the process is named kiln treatment. This compound is used in agriculture for treating the soil to reduce acidity. Also, it is used in combination with fertilizers to improve the yield of soils. There is a test study that shows a portion of a cornfield where no lime and no fertilizer were applied. The plants in that part are struggling to survive.
Some marbles are exceptionally white. Most of the time, these types of marbles are used to manufacture a white powder which is popularly known as whiting, and it can be used as a filler, brightener, paint, and pigment in paper or some other products.
One of the main compositions of Marble is calcium carbonate. It makes Marble effective at neutralizing acids. There is a process in which a powder is made out of crushed marbles with high purity, processed to remove impurities, and then used to make products such as Tums. This product is for the treatment of acid indigestion. Powder out of crushed Marble can be used to reduce the acid content of soils, also the acid levels of streams, and as an acid-neutralizing material in the chemical industry.
Dairy cows and chickens need a rich and steady supply of calcium to produce milk and eggs. Farms raising these animals mostly use animal feeds with additional calcium. Powdered limestone and Marble are used to produce these supplements because Crushed marbles are soft, easily soluble, and, more importantly, rich in calcium.
Marble is composed out of calcite, which makes it softer than most surfaces. So it can be used as a scouring agent without producing scratches or other damage to surfaces.
Home Design and marble stone use
Marble is almost the favorite rock in home design because it can be used in many forms and places. Commonly it’s known for countertops, but also it is usable in different slab sizes and forms all over the house. By using Marble in small doses, you can keep it feeling fresh and current, or for making a big statement, you can use it in a whole wall of stone. There are some common ways for Using Marble in home design, as said below:
- Marble flooring
- Marble walls
- Fireplace Backsplash
- Marble furniture
Marble stone used for flooring: Because of its grand appearance, marble flooring can take one’s breath away. But there is a note to that. When installing, you should be assured that all of your marble is from the same batch, so all the pieces match together and have a seamless flow.
A marble wall is a beautiful statement piece to any home, whether it’s used as a natural stone for a wall or a backsplash. It can give a live and fresh feeling to the space. Marble walls can give a warm or cool vibe. It depends on the slab you choose. Something Statuario marble is perfect for a chic and cool palette, whereas the bamboo grey polished marble is perfect for warm and comforting spaces.
Marble Stone Uses | Countertops
A very popular choice for countertop materials is marble; whether used in the bathroom or kitchen, it can bring a bright elegance to the space.
Mostly the fireplace is the focal point of the room. By using marble tile as its backsplash, it will get a visual attraction. Also with Customizing the color, it can give more warmth to the room.
Marble Stone Uses For Pillars
One of the favored uses of marble from the past till now is building columns. Columns can be used for load-bearing purposes. Also, they can serve the prepuce of decoration and be appalling to the eyes.
One of the uses of marble is cemetery stone. One of the best options to consider cemetery stone is to choose marble because it is more economical due to easy engraving and cutting, and it can withstand acid rain much more than granite and its appearance. Do not miss it.
Fountains are one of the uses of marble for rich people and tempt them to choose to buy marble. O fasting, marble fountains have become very popular among the rich and have become very popular. One of the reasons for choosing marble for the fountain is that the marble is hardly eroded by water and loses its appearance.
Marble Stone Uses |Marble Furniture
An affordable way to use marble in home design is using it as accessories or furniture, such as small items like marble coasters, marble cutting boards, and marble lamps or bigger ones like a coffee table.
Marble stone uses |Using explosives in the quarrying of marble is limited due to the danger and chance of shattering the rock. Instead, there are channeling machines that utilize chisel-edged steel bars; they are able to make cuts about 5 cm (2 inches) wide with few meters deep. The advantage is in using the natural joints that are already in the rock, and the cuts are made in the direction of easiest splitting, which is the result of parallel elongation of fibrous minerals.
In conclusion, the marble blocks outlined by joints and cuts are separated by driving wedges into drill holes. Also, Mill sawing into slabs works with sets of parallel iron blades that move back and forth and are fed by sand and water. In the end, marbles will be machined with lathes or carborundum wheels and, after, polished with increasingly finer grades of abrasive. Even if quarrying is the most careful and manufacturing method, at least half of the total output of marble is waste. Part of the waste material is made into chips for terrazzo flooring and stucco wall finish. In different localities, it is put to most of the major uses for which high-calcium limestone is suitable.
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